Luxembourg's geography offers two principal regions: the Oesling, a part of the Ardennes massif, a hilly region with large mixed forests in the north, and the Gutland ("good country"), the relatively urbanized region in the south. The Grand Duchy has a population of 576.000 people (in 2016), capital and largest city is Luxembourg-City (Lëtzebuerg), with about 100.000 citizens. Exports - commodities: machinery and equipment, steel products, chemicals, rubber products, glass Exports - partners: Germany 22.1%, Belgium 16.7%, France 16.6%, UK 4.7%, Italy 4.6%, Netherlands 4% (2015) Imports - commodities: commercial aircraft, minerals, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs, luxury consumer goods Imports - partners: Belgium 27.6%, Germany 22.9%, China 11.7%, France 9.5%, USA 8.4%, Netherlands 4.2%, Mexico 4.1% (2015) Currency: Euro (EUR) Political System The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a constitutional monarchy, a parliamentary democracy and a prominent financial center.With an area of 2586 km² (999 sqm), Luxembourg is more than 10 times smaller than neighboring Belgium, or slightly smaller than the U. Spoken language is Luxembourgish, administrative languages are French, German, and Luxembourgish. The country is a member of the Benelux Economic Union and was one of the founding members of the European Union.Background: Founded in 963, Luxembourg became a grand duchy in 1815 and an independent state under the Netherlands. Monarchical chief of state is the Grand Duke of Luxembourg.It lost more than half of its territory to Belgium in 1839, but gained a larger measure of autonomy. Overrun by Germany in both World Wars, it ended its neutrality in 1948 when it entered into the Benelux Customs Union and when it joined NATO the following year. Head of government is the prime minister, appointed by the Grand Duke (normally the most popular voted candidate). Languages: Luxembourgish, French, and German (Official); English is widely spoken. Natural resources: Iron ore, (no longer exploited), timber.
NGOs Fondation Hëllef fir d'Natur Foundation Help for Nature (in German and French).Mouvement Ecologique Organisation for environmental protection (in German).Société des naturalistes luxembourgeois SNL The Luxembourg Naturalist Society.Diplomatic Missions Diplomatic Missions of Luxembourg Abroad Address list of Luxembourg's Diplomatic Missions abroad and Foreign Diplomatic Missions accredited to Luxembourg.
Statistics Luxembourg statec Central Service for Statistics and Economic Studies. Google Earth Map Luxembourg Searchable map and satellite view of Luxembourg. Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg The National Library (French) Centre national de la littérature CNL Luxembourg's national center for literatur.
In 1957, Luxembourg became one of the six founding countries of the European Economic Community (later the European Union) and in 1999 it joined the euro currency area. In the legislative system of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, either Parliament or Government may propose a bill.